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The NATO Building Integrity Annual Discipline Conference (ADC) and seminar on “Integrity – The human factor”, arranged in Rome, 12 – 13. October 2021


The seminar highlighted the importance of employees being aware of whether orders are illegal, which can often be challenging. A superior may, for example,  present an illegal order as being legal. Furthermore, the challenge with illegal orders cannot be solved individually. It must be solved institutionally. Therefore, the importance of safeguarding basic principles such as democracy and the rule of law are crucial in that respect.

The NATO Building Integrity ADC took place 12 October. The seminar “Integrity – the Human Factor” was arranged in conjunction with the ADC, 13 October 2021. 

The ADC and the seminar were held at the Army Club «Pio IX», a club with long traditions in the centre of Rome, with virtual participation from some of the speakers and participants. 

The seminar’s main aim was to discuss a variety of issues related to the human factor’s influence on good governance and the challenges posed by lack of integrity, especially for institutional resilience. As such, some of the issues that were touched upon were:

Why is the human factor so important in countering corruption and promoting integrity and good governance? When formal norms underlying specific legal and organisational systems deviate substantially from prevailing informal norms, the resilience of the institutions is challenged – what can be done to develop institutional measures to counter illegality and abuse in defence and security sector? Bosnia and Herzegovina as case study on obeying unlawful order. Personnel management in the Georgian MoD. followed by Work Shop run by COID.    

  • Dr. Gerlinde Niehus, Deputy Director, Defence Institution and Capacity Building, NATO IS held the Key note address. 

The distinguished speakers/panelists who participated were:

  • Dr Hikmet Karcic, Researcher, Bosnia and Herzegovina: “Obeying unlawful orders, implications for reform – BiH as a case study”.  
  • Mr Svein Eriksen, International Expert, Centre for Integrity in the Defence Sector (CIDS), Norway: “The gap between laws and government practice – a deliberate shortfall?”
  • Mr Francisco Cardona, International Consultant, Senior Expert on Public Governance and Management: “Developing institutional measures to counter illegality and abuse in defence and security sectors”. 
  • Ms Maka Petriashvili, HRM expert and Deputy Head of the Human Resources Department, MOD Georgia: “Personnel management in MOD – a cultural approach”. 

The seminar was followed by workshop on“Packaging communication about integrity for high-level stakeholders” which was led by Ms Melinde Zoet, COID, the Netherlands.

The seminar was opened and closed by Mr Per A Christensen, Director of CIDS, and moderated by Ms Annette Hurum, Specialist Director, CIDS.

Integrity plan launched in North Macedonia


In August 2021, The Ministry of Defence of North Macedonia launched its integrity plan for 2021-2024. The Centre for Integrity in the Defence Sector (CIDS), as well as civil society organizations in North Macedonia contributed with their expertise to the plan.

– This Integrity Plan 2021-2024 is an important step in establishing a resilient and transparent defence sector, ready to respond to the emerging security challenges. It also contributes to the anti-corruption efforts of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia, to meeting our NATO membership obligations and to our strategic goal for EU accession, states the MOD of North Macedonia.

You can read the Integrity Plan in English and Russian on this page.

NATO BI Annual Discipline Conference (ADC) and seminar 12-13 October 2021


This year we will finally be able to meet in person at the NATO Building Integrity Annual Discipline Conference (ADC) which will take place in Rome 12 October and the seminar in conjunction with the ADC «Ingrity-the Human Factor» 13 October.  The ADC and Seminar will be held in a hybrid format, also giving the possibility to link up virtually.

The registration deadline is 6 October.  If you have not received an invitation and would like to sign up, please contact us at

You can find the tentative agenda on this page.

ReSPA (2018) Integrity and Good Governance in the Western Balkans


The Regional School of Public Administration (ReSPA) published in 2018 the textbook “Integrity and Good Governance in the Western Balkans”. The school is an international institution located in Montenegro and the participating countries are Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia. Civil servants from Kosovo also participate.

The textbook is written by the “Belgrade Institute for Comparative Law” and has a Western Balkans perspective. However, it is a valuable source of knowledge also for countries outside the region as these issues are universal.

The book is funded by CIDS with funds from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

You can find the report on the Other Publications page under the tab ‘Guides & Tools’.


CIDS report No. 2/2021


CIDS Report nr. 2/2021 is now published under the title “Human Resource Management in the Kosovo Police: A Gap Analysis”. The report is an analysis of the system of human resource management (HRM) of the Kosovo Police (KP) at the request of Kosovar authorities. The study is based on a review of relevant international documents, official documentation prepared by the Kosovo Government and more than 25 interviews with i.a. members of the Kosovo Police, the Kosovo Academy for Public Safety (KAPS) and the Kosovo Police Inspectorate (KPI).

You can find the report on the CIDS Publications page.

CIDS/NATO Webinar “Mechanisms for Good Governance in the Defence and related Security Sector – Enhancing Institutional Effectiveness and Resilience” held 20 May 2021


CIDS and NATO’s International Staff held a two hour seminar on the above 20 May 2021. It was arranged in an Allied format and hosted from Oslo. The seminar’s main aim was to describe the fundamentals of good governance, why they are needed and how integrity creates institutional resilience and enhances institutional effectiveness. As such, some of the issues that were touched upon were:

What are the signs of corruption in the defence and related security sector? Which challenges do politicians face related to reform of the defence and related security sector? Why and how has corruption evolved from a purely domestic problem to an international /a global concern? Which mechanisms need to be implemented to counter corruption and promote integrity, transparency and accountability? How can we protect institutional integrity? What are the main areas that need to be addressed to build integrity and enhance institutional resilience?

The five distinguished panellists who participated were:

  • Dr Dritan Abazović, Deputy Prime Minister, Montenegro
  • Ambassador Øystein Bø, Norwegian Permanent Representative to NATO
  • Mr Svein Eriksen, International Expert, Centre for Integrity in the Defence Sector (CIDS), Norway
  • Mr Francisco Cardona, International Consultant, Senior Expert on Public Governance and Management
  • Ms Natalie Hogg, Director, Transparency International

The seminar was opened and closed by both Mr Per A Christensen, Director of CIDS and Mr Marc Di Paolo, Director, NATO IS. It was moderated by Ms Annette Hurum, Specialist Director, CIDS.

Enclosed please find the panelists’ interventions.


Mr Per A Christensen, Director CIDS, Ms Kjersti C Klæboe, Director General, MoD, and Ms Annette Hurum, Specialist Director, CIDS

CIDS – Building integrity, good governance and anti-corruption

NATO/CIDS Human Resource Management Glossary published


The main purpose of this Human Resource Management (HRM) Glossary is to offer basic explanations of the terms related to the management of people in the public sector. It is a joint CIDS/NATO publication. The aim is to provide managers and other employees in the public sector with quick and reliable reference material. Individuals outside the public sector, like those who come from civil society organisations or media, will probably also find the content useful in their own work and interaction with public institutions.

The Glossary should be considered a living document. Public sector HRM is an evolving field and many of the entries here are subject to different views and interpretations. In that sense, this publication represents CIDS’ take on the selected terms.

You can find the report on the Other Publications page under the tab ‘Guides & Tools’.

CIDS Report no. 1 2021


CIDS is proud to publish CIDS Report no. 1 2021, “Obeying Unlawful Orders: Continuity of Personnel Involved in Human Rights Violations and its Impact on Reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The purpose of the paper is to research the issue of personnel involved in human rights violations during the 1992-95 Bosnian War and its impact on reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina today. A large number of military and police personnel took part in human rights violations, thus constituting the central element of the perpetrator network. However, the role of the unarmed personnel participating in these violations has been insufficiently explored by academic research. The unarmed personnel in question include civil servants, politicians, and persons employed by private enterprises. A quarter of a century since the end of the Bosnian war, a significant number of these individuals continue to take part in public life and to work in public administration.

The aim of this report is to shed light on this issue, and to demonstrate that these individuals’ ability to evade accountability for their actions has serious implications for the processes of political reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

We all need to remind ourselves about the fact that the integrity of civil servants, militaries and police is a prerequisite for states to work in the interest of their citizens. When power is abused, the citizens are dependent on that their servants are standing up against the forces that challenge the rule of law, and that they will not obey their superior’s illegal orders”.

You can find the report on the CIDS Publications page.

GGG no. 10, “Guide on Whistleblowing in the Defence and Security Sector” published


The Guide on whistleblowing in the defence and security sector contains practical advice and measures for those receiving or dealing with a report of wrongdoing, based on how cases of whistleblowing are handled in the Norwegian Defence Sector.

The Guide has been developed based on procedures and experiences from different agencies in this sector.The Guide is intended to increase general awareness about whistleblowing and different whistleblowing situations, to enable managers and others who receive reports of wrongdoing to deal with this in a proper manner, and to identify and prevent wrongdoing in the sector.

You can find the report on the CIDS Publications page.

NATO BI ADC Conference 14 October 2020


This year’s Building Integrity Annual Discipline Conference (ADC) will take place on 14 October 2020 14:00-17:00 (Brussels time) virtually due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

The ADC provides an excellent opportunity for relevant stakeholders involved in the BI discipline to synchronize their work. The primary aim of the conference is to achieve an adequate alignment and coordination of efforts in sustaining the discipline.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the 2020 BI ADC which was planned as a two-day event in Rome has had to be been scaled down and adapted to a virtual setting. It will therefore be held in the afternoon 14 October in order to ensure that we have our stakeholders in North America on board. It will be focused on interaction with the BI Education and Training Facilities. The participation will be from NATO Training facilities or other institutions that contribute with training and education solutions, from NATO or Partner countries. The NATO Requirement Authority will naturally also participate. The ADC is also open to other Department Heads and interested NATO entities.

Hopefully next year will be back to normal so that we once again can organise a larger conference with broader participation in Rome.

The aim of the conference is to update participants on the developments within the discipline since the previous ADC.  The conference will seek to update and validate the training requirements and the existing training solutions. Participants are welcome to propose new training opportunities, which will be further scrutinised by the Department Head and potentially identified as suitable solutions for the existing requirements.

The ADC is an opportunity for the participants to share any E&T-related matters and best practices, to propose new approaches and to outline the way ahead for the discipline.  The results of the ADC will be included in a Discipline Alignment Plan (DAP) that will be drafted by the DH and approved by HQ SACT/JFD.

Participation is expected from: NATO International Staff, NATO Military Authorities, relevant Centres of Excellence, E&T Providers and other entities that support NATO E&T requirements for BI.

Registration to Dr Lidra Zegali, NATO HQ: and Ms Annette Hurum, CIDS: by COB Thursday 8 October  2020. Once your registration has been accepted, you will receive information on how to join the conference.