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Very useful study-trip to Lithuania 5-8 September from Montenegro BI-project team

As part of the CIDS-project Strengthening the Integrity Framework in the Montenegrin Public Administration with Emphasis on the Security and Defence Areas, a study trip was arranged first week of September to the Ministry of National Defence of Lithuania (MoND). The delegation consisted of five members of the technical working group in charge of implementing the project in Montenegro, Navy Captain Knut Walbaekken from CIDS and project team leader Mr Rajko Radevic.

During the visit the Lithuanian MoND officials shared knowledge, experience and best practices from their perspective in the field of integrity and anti-corruption system in defence. The presentations covered the following topics: human resources management including military and civilian component; arrangements for procurement with particular emphasis on the implementation of confidential procurements; financial management system; inspector general and internal audit. All presentations were followed by lively discussions, questions and exchange of opinions between presenters and the delegation members.

CIDS would like to thank our colleagues in the Lithuanian MoND for their kind hospitality, time and efforts invested in sharing their knowledge with the group. A special thanks to Mr. Emilis Kazlauskas, chief specialist, who arranged and coordinated the event on behalf of the host ministry.


Integrity Plan for the Ministry of Kosovo Security Forces

Skjermbilde 2016-06-30 kl. 19.58.3830 June was the launch of the integrity plan for the Ministry of Kosovo Security Forces (MKSF). The integrity plan has been developed as part of the CIDS project Strengthening the integrity framework in the MKSF.

The integrity plan is the principal guiding document of the Ministry of Kosovo Security Forces for reducing corruption risks in the defence sector. It is fully in line with the existing Kosovo legal framework which promotes good governance and meritocratic principles in public administration.

The Minister of KSF, Professor Dr Haki Demolli opened the event, followed by the Norwegian Ambassador to Kosovo, Jan Braathu. In his speech, Mr. Braathu emphasised the close relationship between the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, CIDS, and the Ministry of Kosovo Security Forces. He praised the MKSF for its effort to build transparent and accountable defence institutions, and reminded us that integrity is indispensable to any country committed to the principles of democracy, human rights and the rule of law.

“The MKSF and KSF are in the fortunate position of receiving a high degree of public trust. Among Kosovo institutions, your Ministry and the KSF rank high in public confidence. However, that trust cannot be taken for granted. Trust is a valuable and transient commodity. We must earn it every day through our attitude and performance”, Mr. Braathu stated. He also congratulated MKSF for developing a practical and specific integrity plan.

The integrity plan is expected to serve the overall institutional efforts in corruption risk reduction and strengthening good governance of the security sector. It recognises integrity as an indispensable norm of democratisation of the security sector. As such, it will serve as a first policy document that will be implemented through a set of pre-defined proposals for integrity building. The document will increase the capacities of the relevant departments of MKSF in all levels: tactical, operational and, particularly, strategic. The matrix of implementation envisaged concrete activities to be implemented in the period from 2016 until 2018.

3.- Konferenca - Lansimi i Planit të Integritetit të MFSK- 30.06.2016 IMG_3024

Conference on public procurement in Montenegro

On May 31, CIDS organised a conference entitled Harmonisation of Procurement Regulation with the EU Directive 2009/81/EU in the Defence and Related Sectors: Establishment of Good Practices. The event, taking place in Podgorica, is part of our Building Integrity project in the Montenegrin security and defence sector.

The purpose of the conference was to discuss legal regulations and the level of harmonisation with EU standards in the area of public procurement. The participants, consisting of regional experts on the topic, NATO advisors as well as CIDS´ staff, elaborated on the issue of procurement in the defence sector, and presented advise on how to strengthen the integrity framework within this particular area.

CIDS´s director Per Christensen opened the seminar and presented relevant experiences from the Norwegian defence sector. Other speakers were Mrs. Nadja Milanova, representative of the NATO BI Program, Mrs. Sanela Djozgic, Chief of Minister of Defence Cabinet, and Mrs. Biljana Dulovic, Head of Biro for Human Resources and Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Interior. There were also valuable contributions from the Croatian and BiH´s Ministry of Defence. The expert contribution, led by CIDS´s legal expert Ms Anela Duman, was crucial for the successful execution of the seminar.

The event was attended by some twenty-eight participants from the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Interior, National Security Agency and Pubic Procurement Agency of Montenegro.


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Delegation from Kosovo visits Croatian Ministry of Defence

As part of our Building Integrity project in the Ministry of Kosovo Security Forces (MKSF), CIDS organised a study visit to the Croatian Ministry of Defence (MoD) on 31 May – 1 June. The Kosovo delegation consisted of six members of the MKSF working group, who all take part in the development of an integrity action plan for their defence sector. CIDS´s regional expert Mr Florian Qehaja was leading the delegation through their two-day visit to Zagreb, together with Mr Kyrre Knutsen, senior adviser in the Norwegian MoD.

During the visit, the MKSF delegation learned about Croatian experiences in the field of integrity and anti-corruption, as well as relevant legal and policy aspects. Drawing on their recent integration process with the EU, the Croatians shared their knowledge and expertise on highly relevant issues. There were lively discussions on human resource management, internal auditing, the role of the defence inspectorate, as well as procurement and asset management.

CIDS would like to thank our colleagues in the Croatian MoD for their kind hospitality and for sharing their expertise on building integrity with us.

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Montenegro: Workshop on improving the integrity framework

On 16 – 18 March, CIDS organised a workshop in the framework of our Building Integrity project in the Montenegrin Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Interior. The three-day event took place in Budva, gathering relevant top and mid management personnel from the two ministries. The aim of the workshop was to discuss and agree on concrete proposals for creation of a better public integrity framework in the security and defence sector.

Workshop Montenegro

 On the first day, the participants discussed the document Concept of the Rulebook on Budget Planning and Execution in the Ministry of Defence. The document, which was developed by CIDS´ regional expert Ms. Jelena Suput, is the starting point for the planned rulebook aiming to further promote transparency and good governance in the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

 On the second day the participants were introduced to the Analysis of the Corruption Risks in the Defence Sector, which was prepared by the project experts in close cooperation with MoD staff. Additionally, the workshop offered the possibility to present and discuss the preliminary results of the Analysis in the Area of Corruption Risk Management and Monitoring Mechanisms in the Defence Sector. Both presentations were followed by lively discussions between the CIDS project management and MoD staff – resulting in an agreement on the follow up activities.

The third day was devoted to the participants from the Ministry of Interior, and the topics discussed included analysis of the corruption risks in the security sector, preliminary results of the analysis of the Unit for Internal Control of the Police, presentation and discussion on standards and level of women’s representation in the police, police integrity and the manner of treating women and children in criminal cases, and a focus on international standards and good practices. CIDS would like to thank all the participants, as well as our local, regional and international experts for their high quality contribution throughout the week. A special thanks to our local team leader Rajko Radevic who not only organised the event, but also took part in preparing and drafting the documents.


The Norwegian Defence Sector is considered by Transparency International to have low risk of corruption

skjermbilde ti uk webTransparency International UK`s Defence and Security Programme has released the new Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index for 2015. The Index measures the risk of corruption in national defence and security establishments worldwide. According to the Index, the Norwegian defence sector is considered to have low risk of corruption. The UK was the only NATO-country to score top marks, indicating strong anti-corruption systems in defence institutions, underpinned by effective independent oversight mechanisms.

Norway is ranked in band B, which is similar to the results from the 2013 Government Anti-Corruption Index. According to this year’s results, Norway has potential for improvements regarding sales of defence equipment, in preventing corruption in operations, requirements to defence suppliers to actively prevent corruption, and transparency with regard to offset agreements.

– The Government Defence Index represents a valuable contribution to national efforts to reduce the risk of corruption in our defence sector, says CIDS director Per Christensen. – The index gives us solid basis for advising the Ministry of Defence on actions to be taken to further lower the risk of corruption.


Per Christensen appointed new CIDS Director

PerChristensenWe are happy to announce that Per Christensen has been appointed new Director of the Centre for Integrity in the Defence Sector (CIDS). Mr Christensen has extensive experience from the Norwegian Civil Service and from various assignments in NATO.

Per Christensen has a background from the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, where he has worked in the Resources Department and the Department for Finance and Governance. From 1998 to 2002 he served as Resource Advisor to the Norwegian Delegation to NATO. He also represented Norway in the Investment Committee and in the Resource Planning and Policy Board. In addition to that, he has served as Chairman of the Agency Supervisory Board of the NATO Support and Procurement Organization (2012-2015).

“Corruption and unethical behaviour not only reduce our defence capabilities. It also undermine public trust in the defence sector – and in some cases the government as a whole. CIDS plays an important role in promoting integrity and good governance in the defence sector, both nationally and internationally. I am delighted to be joining the centre in promoting good practice and provide practical means in order to reduce the risk of corruption in the defence sector”, Per Christensen said.

Per Christensen will be taking over the post from Bård Knudsen, who has led the centre since its establishment in 2012.

BI Institutional Enhancement Course (HRM), Kyiv

CIDS´ course on Building Integrity (BI) – Institutional Enhancement (HRM) was held in Kyiv on 15 – 17 December, attracting the participation of 32 staff members from Ukraine´s Ministry of Defence, Civil Service Agency and Armed Forces. The training focuses on institutional and managerial dimensions of HRM and topics covered during the three days included professionalism in defence decision-making, HRM and ethics, international standards and principles, legal environments, and HRM tools and practices. In addition, the course offered components dedicated to addressing other challenges observed in Ukraine´s HRM system and the links between oligarchy and corruption. CIDS would like to thank all the participants, the National Defence University of Ukraine, and our associate and regional experts for your contributions this week.

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TI Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index 2015

ti 1Transparency International Defence and Security has published its anti-corruption index results for NATO members and European and Central Asian partner countries. The report assesses the existence, effectiveness, and enforcement of institutional and informal controls to manage the risk of corruption in defence and security institutions. Evidence is drawn from open-access sources and interviews across 77 indicators to provide governments with detailed assessments of the integrity in their defence institutions (TI).

The report can be found here.



Study of corruption risks in Southeast Europe

memo2The study of corruption risks in the defence sector in nine countries in Southeast Europe has now been completed. The findings of the study, conducted by the Agency for Public Management and eGovernment (Difi) on assignment from the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, are documented in separate reports highlighting corruption risks in each country. In addition, Svein Eriksen, senior adviser at CIDS, has prepared a report summarising the main patterns observed across countries and topics. The CIDS publication Criteria for good governance in the defence sector: international standards and principles provided the assessment guidelines for the analyses.

The following countries are assessed in the study: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia/FYROM, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia.

The summary and nine country reports can be found here.